“A lot of very beneficial information.....Different HIT exercises I haven't heard of before” -W. Pruitt
“Techniques in these books are Fantastic….would recommend to any and all HIT trainers” -A. Gutierrez
" Five star all the way. Every HIT training method is covered in these books. Love them” -J. Berndt
Finally a comprehensive volume of nine books on both High Intensity(HIT) and Volume Bodybuilding Training!
There are many unique training programs contained in my books that give bodybuilders new techniques to increase his/her muscle building potential.
Complete explanation of:
Rolling static partials
HIIT-Lose weight FAST with Interval Training!
Unilateral training- why it works better than traditional training
Why training smarter -not longer builds muscle faster!
How to implement Progressive Overload and Double Progressive Overload to Supercharge Muscle Gains
Learn how to determine the ideal training frequency for your body type
Which supplements to take to safely build lots of muscle
All programs are fully-explained with complete workout routines for each different technique.
Stop Wasting Time and Effort-Build Maximum Muscle!
Thursday, June 16, 2016
Is Obesity Associated with Altered Energy Expenditure?
Historically, obese individuals were believed to have lower energy expenditure (EE) rates than nonobese individuals (normal and overweight), which, in the long term, would contribute to a positive energy balance and subsequent weight gain.
The aim of this review was to critically appraise studies that compared measures of EE and its components, resting EE (REE), activity EE (AEE), and diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT), in obese and nonobese adults to elucidate whether obesity is associated with altered EE.
Contrary to popular belief, research has shown that obese individuals have higher absolute REE and total EE. When body composition (namely the metabolically active component, fat-free mass) is taken into account, these differences between obese and nonobese individuals disappear, suggesting that EE in obese individuals is not altered.
However, an important question is whether AEE is lower in obese individuals because of a decrease in overall physical activity or because of less energy expended while performing physical activity. AEE and DIT could be reduced in obese individuals, mostly because of unhealthy behavior (low physical activity, higher intake of fat).
The current evidence does not support the hypothesis that obesity is sustained by lower daily EE or REE. Future studies, comparing EE between obese and nonobese and assessing potential physiologic abnormalities in obese individuals, should be able to better answer the question of whether these individuals have altered energy metabolism.